Original photo by James E. L. Hall

The Blooming Grove Studio Network

9 Star Ki / Feng-Shui / Macrobiotics

A Network of Friends- May 2016 (The Arms of Creation)



Main Menu

 

Macrobiotic
Pages

 

Free
Forecasts

 

About This
WebSite

 

9 Ki &
Feng Shui

 

9 Star Ki
Shopping Cart

 

9 Star Ki
Q & A

 

Free 9 Ki
Lessons

 

Countries
Served

 

Book Store

   

Scroll down, for our monthly update on world
conditions, global ki forecasts & new links.


Our Sales Department is Open

Your Path into the Future
An Entire Year - Beginning This Month
Provided Globally for $19.95 (usdollars)

("Text Only" files for $12.95)


Norton Safe Web® Rating


Our Book Store
Macrobiotic, 9 Ki & Feng Shui Books
Now with Kindle eBooks


Stay Up to Date / Join Our Mailing List


Posted here since 2003


Alex Jack does not own the Blooming Grove Studio. Rather, he is our friend and author of many books pertaining to the macrobiotic way of life and 9 Star Ki.

We sell 9 Star Ki personal publications. Alex provides personal readings. If you'd like a personal reading, you can use this link.

9 Star Ki Personal Readings with Alex Jack


"Nine Star Ki is, quite simply, a tool for humanity…….
It is easy to learn, easy to use………and, to my great surprise,
it works !"




Hi Friends,

On our April home page (a 9 Fire Month in a 2 Soil Year) we said:

".... This is a 9 Fire Month, in a 2 Soil Year, in a 3 Tree 9-Year cycle, in a 9 Fire 81-Year cycle. The cycle of support flows from 3 Tree to 9 Fire, and terminates in 2 Soil, thereby strengthening 2 Soil. There are now fewer uneven ki relationships than in March. Three Tree continues to overrule 2 Soil, but this will be true all year. Expect some disruptions and disagreements on the global scene.

Nine Fire supports illumination, new experiences and entertainment. In and of itself, 9 is a wonderful number. We humans are quite literally defined by fire. We began using it at our own dawntime. Since then, fire has been perhaps our most prized tool; but only when we maintained conscious control. For untold millennia, we have used fire to cook our food and to protect us from the winter's cold but, uncontrolled, it has brought down countless homes, villages and nations.

Of interest, 2 Soil is associated with the southwest direction. Because this is a 2 Soil year, there will be a special focus on the southwestern areas of continents and other land masses. If you look at a map or globe, you'll notice that many of these locations are desert areas; the most obvious being the southwest sections of North America, Africa and Asia (including the Middle East).

As the previous month closed, Syrian and Russian forces were taking back the world heritage site, Palmyra, from ISIL while the USA, Kurds and Iraqis attempted to retake Mosul. If you review the 2016 annual commentary, below, you'll find that 2 Soil years and larger 2 Soil cycles support military and political quagmires. Two Soil stagnation promotes alliances, agreements, treaties and peace; therefore military action often leads to a destructive stalemate. We should be wary of this, especially now that 9 Fire presides by the month and by the 81-Year cycle. This poses the obvious question. What other global hot spots could flare up?

So, what kind of events does this 2 Soil / 9 Fire combination promote? Nine Fire supports amusing and entertaining moments, superficial and spontaneous behavior, expansion (pandemic, drought, war), actual fire and even explosion. Two Soil bolsters friendship, mutual plans, sharing and as we've mentioned, peace, stagnation and quagmire. Look for examples of these in April...."


Conditions in April were varied and chaotic -- typical of Fire energy. Here are a selected few.

April 11 and 12-
Russian attack jets flew "dangerously close" to U.S. Navy destroyer, USS Donald Cook, in international waters of the Baltic Sea.

“We have deep concerns about the unsafe and unprofessional Russian flight maneuvers,” European Command said. “These actions have the potential to unnecessarily escalate tensions between countries, and could result in a miscalculation or accident that could cause serious injury or death."

April 17-
A 7.8 magnitude earthquake struck off the Pacific coast of Ecuador and was felt across the nation, causing panic as far away as the capital, Quito, and collapsing buildings and roads in coastal towns. At least 659 people were killed and 27,732 people injured. If you would like to make a donation, we offer the following information:

United States Fund for UNICEF
125 Maiden Lane
New York, NY 10038

UNICEF for Ecuador Relief

April 21-
Musical performer and genius, Prince, died unexpectedly on Thursday, April 21. He had recently experienced an infection with resulting dehydration. Prince Rogers Nelson was born June 7, 1958 -- 1 Water Month / 6 Metal Year. In 2016, 6 Metal occupies the 9 Fire position which is associated with infectious disease, the small intestines and the cardiovascular system. Garry Shandling, also a 6 Metal, passed away from a massive heart attack in March. Prince's passing appears to have been associated, at least to a degree, with drug use.

April 22-
In harmony with the 2 Soil annual ki, leaders from at least 175 countries signed the Paris Agreement on climate change. The signing ceremony set a record for international diplomacy. Never before have so many countries signed an agreement on the first available day. (States have a year to sign.)

April 24-
The solar-powered airplane, Solar Impulse 2, landed in California, completing a risky, three-day flight across the Pacific Ocean as part of its journey around the world. The aircraft started its journey in March 2015 from Abu Dhabi.

April 25-
University of Guelph researchers announced that soy can be a more effective antimicrobial agent against food borne pathogens than the current roster of synthetic chemicals. This is further proof that traditional farming practices have their own built-in system of checks and balances that keeps food wholesome before it even reaches our mouths.

April 28- Broken Truce
The war in Syria reignited with a hospital bomb attack in Aleppo as the last traces of the Syrian cease fire disappeared. The citizens suffered government airstrikes that demolished a hospital in the insurgent-held side and from retaliatory mortar fire by rebels.

In mid-April, up to 20 inches of rain fell in areas of Texas, Houston receiving 12" in a single day, causing widespread flooding in populated areas. In late April, Mississippi received a similar treatment. Why this excess of water in a Fire month? Nine is associated with the south compass direction, thereby placing the southern states in the spotlight.

Also in April-
Once thought to be eradicated in the US, there is a growing mumps epidemic at US universities. Fire supports rapid expansion.

President Obama announced the addition of up to 250 Special Operations troops to the American advisory force in Syria. Obama said the added forces are needed “keep up this momentum” against ISIL. The plan is to keep them removed from conflict. This will bring the number of U.S. advisers in Syria up to about 300. It is reminiscent of the early years of America's involvement in the Vietnam War. Nine Fire expansion + 2 Soil quagmire.

As the 9 Fire month closed, a massive wildfire caused the evacuation of all 88,000 inhabitants from Fort McMurray, Canada. The evacuation was the largest in Alberta's history and a state of emergency had been declared. Unseasonably high temperatures, strong winds and dry conditions have left much of Alberta and neighboring Saskatchewan under an extreme fire risk.

Ending on a happy note-
President Obama's final White House Correspondent's Dinner.


From Nameless - This Adobe Reader® (PDF) file may be shared freely.

SODIS® Flyer- describing a safe way to purify water in emergencies.


Articles Below:
'Precession of the Equinoxes' Link updated October, 2009.
'Arsenic in Our Food' updated November, 2013.
The Global Perspective is updated early every month.
Annual Commentary is updated every February.
9-Year Cycle Commentary is updated once every nine years.
New Links and other articles are updated as they arise.


Link- Nine Star Ki and the Precession of the Equinoxes


Link- Arsenic in Our Natural Food -- Facts and Options



This Month's Global Perspective
(May 5 through June 5)


This is an 8 Soil Month, in a 2 Soil Year, in a 3 Tree 9-Year cycle, in a 9 Fire 81-Year cycle. The cycle of support flows from 3 Tree to 9 Fire, and terminates in 8 Soil, thereby strengthening 8 Soil, the ki of revolution and change. Three Tree continues to overrule Soil, but this will be true all year. Expect some disruptions and disagreements on the global scene.

Eight Soil adds some yang "weight" to this combination and, thereby, a touch of balance. Beyond the yin and yang considerations, 8 increases balance by being the active counterpart of the more passive 2 Soil.

If we study the standard 9 Star Ki square, we see that 5 Soil occupies the central position. Five is the intersection, the crossroads of space and time. As such, it is the ki of karma and power, giving structure and shape to the surrounding numbers. But, being surrounded, Five is also hidden; almost as if it resides in the realm of spirit, passing its influence along to the other numbers in the material world.

Being Soil types, 8 Soil (revolution, change) and 2 Soil (stagnation, consistency) complement one another. Together, they represent the most direct conduit available for 5 Soil's material "intervention" in material matters. Although they are no more potent or important than the other surrounding numbers, and have neither the level of control nor the karmic qualities of 5, they are nevertheless very effective when working in unison. We may think of them as the arms of creation.

But what does "very effective" mean? This ki combination has two sides. On one hand, we can utilize 8 Soil's capacity for change in a way that harmonizes with 2 Soil's consistency. So far, this year, we've mentioned several situations where diplomacy has produced hopeful signs and, in some cases, has achieved remarkable success (e.g. the Paris climate agreement). We have attributed this to the mood of 2 Soil. In May we can stay with program; making only those changes that serve to improve this mood of peaceful negotiation.

On the other hand, we can misuse this opportunity. For governments and organizations that are already seeking results through compromise and communication, this would be a terrible time to change their tactics. Other groups that have been ambiguous in this area, should value this time period as an opportunity to get involved with the diplomatic process - and not a time for forceful action.

In some cases, the coin stands on its end. By this month's end, we'll see which side lands face-up. For example, after several months of successful negotiations, the Syrian truce has all but crumbled into ruins. Can the truce be reinstated (2 Soil- stagnation)? Or will it become no more than a footnote in history (8 Soil- revolution)? By the second week of June, we will know.

Not all components of this ki combination are harmonious. Nine Fire supports both 2 Soil and 8 Soil, further strengthening their union. But 3 Tree overrides 2 and 8, so we can expect some uneven moments. I should add that, anytime the ki combination includes 8 Soil (revolution, new directions) and 3 Tree (rising energy, new beginnings), we are bound to encounter some exciting and unsettling events.

So, how can we proceed? You can check out your personal forecasts, for details, but on the larger level, we can all use the same advice that is mentioned in the global comments above. We can remain open to new directions but keep our eyes on a peaceful goal. We can communicate, negotiate and make the compromises that are required to achieve the best possible results, for everyone involved.


1 Waters- will continue to encounter inspiring signs and will receive additional support. Two Soils- expect changes that are directly related to your personal karma. Three Trees- remain organized but enjoy the break in the clouds. Four Trees- can find solace through a philosophical outlook and a good sense of humor. 5 Soils- your personal outlook will reflect the global ki. Six Metals- should not be so stubborn and should work out rising emotions constructively. Sevens- can find inspiration in personal matters. Eight Soils- time for your karmic checkup And 9 Fires- will enter a two month period of minor restrictions and obstacles (don't overreact).

For more information, see your online forecast and our more detailed publications.




In the Northern Hemisphere and along the equator, activities will approach full-swing. In the Southern Hemisphere, the monthly and annual ki will enhance the mood of the cooler seasonal energy. Globally, this is a time of tension between the need for consistency and the desire to make change. If the two are used in unison, by making changes that support consistent growth, then tension is released peacefully and constructively.

CycleKi NumberCharacteristicsNature
Monthly 8 Soil Revolution, Change Turning, Spinning
Annual 2 Soil Agreements, Preparation Accumulation
9 Year Cycle 3 Tree Rising Energy, Thunder Yang Opening Out
81 Year Cycle 9 Fire Illumination, Fortune, Chaos Kinetic Energy- Very Expansive

The cycle of support flows from 3 Tree, to 9 Fire, to 2 Soil, to 8 Soil; making 8 a predominant component. But 3 challenges 8. Any changes, at this time, should be well planned, not impetuous. The influence of the larger 9 Fire 81-Year Cycle continues to generate conditions that can be interesting, illuminating & entertaining but, in the extreme, chaotic and explosive.



For more information on Nine Star Ki and the times, see our global predictions for the current Nine Year Cycle.




2016 is a Number 2 Black Soil Year

February 4th, 2016 through February 3rd, 2017 is a 2 Soil year. This ki is very different than the energy of the previous two years (4 Tree & 3 Tree). The transition into this annual house is more abrupt than is usual for a 9 Ki New Year. Because January is a 3 Tree Month in a 3 Tree Year, and February is a 2 Soil Month in a 2 Soil Year, the change in the monthly ki will reinforce the sudden change in mood.

Two Soil also differs from the larger 9-Year Cycle (3 Tree). Using 9 Star Ki, we see that 3 Tree controls Two Soil, whereas the ki relationships of the two previous years were harmonious. Now, there is discord between these cycles. Normally, this relationship would weaken 2 Soil and Tree energy would dominate most global events. However, the 9 Fire energy of the 81-Year Cycle provides strong support to 2 Soil, so 2 maintains a high degree of potency.

As the very active 3 Tree ki of the previous year fades, we enter a more sluggish time. Indeed, 2 Soil is a peaceful energy; associated with food, farming, education, reaching out, communication, forming alliances, reaching agreements, planning, preparation, accumulation and stagnation. While these attributes may not be the most attractive or exciting, they all provoke a relatively serene image. And they clearly illustrate the importance of 2 Soil. Where would we be without farming or education?

The energy of 2 Soil indicates success through thoughtful, steady progress, rather than quick, forceful action. Therefore, a consistent effort will be of far greater benefit than attempts to make giant leaps forward. Great headway can be made, but it's best to use a consistent approach, like a sculptor, chipping away on the stone, or the steady, cautious work of the bridge builder (careful planning, reaching out, connecting two shores). In fact, many famous spans were constructed in 2 Soil years.

Moreover, this is an important year to come to the table, to develop treaties and peaceful agreements. World leaders should always use diplomacy first. This year, even more so. This year it is critical to communicate and to forge new alliances. Better to bang tabletops at the United Nations than to resort to the battle field. Our vision should be for the long-term. Short, abrupt jabs at the problem will only generate future difficulties.

In oriental medicine, Two Soil is associated with the stomach, spleen and pancreas; especially the stomach. Looking at this, we see larger connections. The stomach goes back to food and agriculture. So, this is an important time to reduce world hunger and to make long-range preparations to eliminate starvation. Because the larger cycles are less inclined to support these matters, it is imperative that we act now, at the global and local levels. Against the larger backdrop of 9 Ki time, this year is a fleeting moment. Like all of the ki numbers, we must make constructive use of this energy while it is available.

Although 2 Soil is the ki of peace and consistency, it does not necessarily "play well with others". The energy-states of the larger cycles are more active. From time to time, these will intersect with 2 Soil in an unproductive way; creating forceful conditions within a framework that favors stability and order. In this case, 2 Soil can only take so much interference before the pattern of differing energies combusts, or falls to pieces; causing setbacks and quagmires.

Two Soil is no stranger to devastating weather, earthquakes and tsunamis.


The Ki Flow

From a greater perspective, we can review the passage of the years. I've advised our longtime readers & friends to see 2011 & 2012 (Metal years) as a "cooling off" phase in our new era of individual expression and responsibility, that began in June, 2005. As the Metal years closed, we had tangible proof that the role of the individual remains free and strong, even in dire circumstances. Look to the Arab Spring and to the exponential growth of social media.

We then traveled through the 2013 house of 5 Soil (karma, politics and control). Everything came under scrutiny -- to be studied, to be considered from all perspectives. For example, the nearly total gridlock in the American congress. In 2014 the world awakened. There were new discoveries and new avenues to pursue. New agendas. But hot spots around the world remained and there were basically two types. A struggle between personal rights and centralized control. And a clash between basic beliefs. It was in 2014 that we encountered the dark side of our new era of personal expression. We learned that if acts of constructive expression fail, then destructive expression can take root. Our initial enthusiasm faded as we realized that the global network of individuals could be pirated and used for hatred and war.

In 2015, we passed through a 3 Tree year within a 3 Tree nine-year cycle. The ki of 2015 was the essence of this contrast between construction and destruction. This isn't a coincidence. We entered the current 3 Tree nine-year cycle on February 4th, 2009. Since then, the mood of 3 Tree has occupied the global background – sustaining the ongoing course of events. Because 2015 was a 3 Tree year, the mood of the nine-year cycle was magnified. Even more than 2014, it was a time of rapid progress, great upheaval and angry outbursts.


2 Soil Research


Thursday, November 19, 1863 – 2 Soil month / 2 Soil Year / 2 Soil 9-Year Cycle / 2 Soil 81-Year Cycle.
Abraham Lincoln (born in a 2 Soil Month / 2 Soil Year) delivers the Gettysburg Address.

As usual, I have provided a list of previous 2 Soil years for you to explore. Also as usual, I've generally tried to avoid using battles, wars and other lethal events as examples. They are simply too depressing. Still, even when cherry-picking, a few ugly events were included. Where possible, the incidents have been placed in categories that reflect the various aspects of the ki.

Worrisome developments. Political scandal and controversy:

Invasion and weapons of mass destruction. Harmful decisions rooted in bad judgment. Politicians and rulers falling from grace.


Quagmire / Stagnation / Accumulation:

Normally the result of the worrisome developments above. Two Soil is often associated with peace yet, when a war or conflict is initiated, it is very difficult to end it in a 2 Soil year. Two Soil can be like getting caught in a spider's web. The greater the struggle, the greater the entanglement. And like the spider's web, this is also a time to accumulate funds, tools, plans and materials for future ventures.


Peace / Alliances:

As stated, 2 Soil is associated with peace. This is an excellent opportunity to forge alliances, to create treaties and for diplomacy. If peaceful negotiations are employed, entanglements are reduced or completely resolved.


New information / Learning:

New doors open wide, but usually through peaceful study and observation.


In the greater view, we must consider the larger cycles. We still occupy a 3 Tree 9-year cycle, within a 9 Fire 81-year cycle. Of all the numbers, 3 Tree overrides (controls) 2 Soil the most. Three Tree is robust, boisterous and pioneering. Two Soil is gentle, generally peaceful and seeks stability. So, we will sometimes encounter a struggle between anger and diplomacy, active exploration and quiet study, rising energy and stagnation. But 3 Tree supports (increases) 9 Fire and is therefore somewhat weakened. In the same way, 9 Fire increases 2 Soil. So, the mood of 2 Soil will be very strong.


You can research the raw information here, in the Wikipedia® "List of Years". Just remember that the ki-year begins on February 4th and extends through January of the following year.

[1863] [1890] [1899] [1908] [1917] [1926] [1935]
[1944] [1953] [1962] [1971] [1980] [1989] [1998] [2007]

Here are some previous 2 Soil years. Specific events and birth-dates are listed that illustrate the mood of 2 Soil. Many of the examples come from times that are also 2 Soil months. The majority of this information was gleaned from Wikipedia®, a superb online resource for studying 9 Star Ki's historical influence.

You will notice that 2 Soil supports peaceful outcomes but if the mood of peace is ignored or challenged, then the result is normally very tragic. Indeed, this is a time when wars either come to an end, or rage at fever pitch.

2007 (2 Soil Year / 4 Tree 9-Year Cycle / 9 Fire 81-Year Cycle)

1998 (2 Soil Year / 5 Soil 9-Year Cycle / 9 Fire 81-Year Cycle)

1989 (2 Soil Year / 6 Metal 9-Year Cycle / 9 Fire 81-Year Cycle)

1980 (2 Soil Year / 7 Metal 9-Year Cycle / 9 Fire 81-Year Cycle)

1971 (2 Soil Year / 8 Soil 9-Year Cycle / 9 Fire 81-Year Cycle)

1962 (2 Soil Year / 9 Fire 9-Year Cycle / 9 Fire 81-Year Cycle)

1953 (2 Soil Year / 1 Water 9-Year Cycle / 1 Water 81-Year Cycle)

1944 (2 Soil Year / 2 Soil 9-Year Cycle / 1 Water 81-Year Cycle)

1935 (2 Soil Year / 3 Tree 9-Year Cycle / 1 Water 81-Year Cycle)

1926 (2 Soil Year / 4 Tree 9-Year Cycle / 1 Water 81-Year Cycle)

1917 (2 Soil Year / 5 Soil 9-Year Cycle / 1 Water 81-Year Cycle)

1908 (2 Soil Year / 6 Metal 9-Year Cycle / 1 Water 81-Year Cycle)

1899 (2 Soil Year / 7 Metal 9-Year Cycle / 1 Water 81-Year Cycle)

1890 (2 Soil Year / 8 Soil 9-Year Cycle / 1 Water 81-Year Cycle)

1863 Archetype (2 Soil Year / 2 Soil 9-Year Cycle / 2 Soil 81-Year Cycle)



Some 2 Soil / 2 Soil Faces
Born in 2 Soil months, 2 Soil years.
Abe Lincoln

John Connally

Woody Allen

Jon Stewart




New Links

Updated in January 2016, to showcase Anette Cyran's Shiatsu practice in Lodève, France and for information on money and the 2016 presidential campaign.



Shiatsu for people and horses - by Anette Cyran in Lodève, France. Anette also practices in Paris and other locations.

"Over the last twenty years Shiatsu has been adapted and developed specifically for horses, mainly in America and England."


Money and the 2016 Presidential Election - A fascinating look at where each candidate's funds come from and what's been spent, to date. You can click on each person for details.


The Catlin Seaview Survey- Google is participating with the Catlin Seaview Survey in a five-year study of the effects of global warming in the world's coral reefs. They have posted "street views" of many reefs online.



The Art Hotel- is a wonderful blend of lodging, nature, community, gardening, food and, yes, of art. As the macrobiotic proprietors say, "We hijacked an impressive vintage hotel in Westport New Zealand and have rooms accessible for visitors."

You may want to pack your bags today.


Macrobiotics: Cooking with Linda Wemhoff -- A very nice and informative macro web site.


Got Mercury? -- To help you determine the amount of mercury in seafood.


The Bore Cycle -- A revolutionary, new and interesting connection for 9 Star Ki practitioners. Think sun, moon and tides.



the Non GMO Project - The Non-GMO Project is a non-profit collaboration of manufacturers, retailers, processors, distributors, farmers, seed companies and consumers. Our shared belief is that everyone deserves an informed choice about whether or not to consume genetically modified products, and our common mission is to ensure the sustained availability of non-GMO choices.


9 Star Ki in Polish (and some good looking cats) -- Dziewiec Gwiazda Ki


Our Rice Pages - A pastime, for you, that is interesting, fun, beautiful, easy to do, and valuable for future generations.


Natural Health for Dogs and Cats - We want to continue to help your pets find a source of food that's safe to eat.



Only 20% of surfers actually make on-line purchases. Understandably, many folks feel uneasy about buying products "sight-unseen". To better serve you (and, hopefully, increase our sales!) we've created some web pages that illustrate the features and format of our "Annual Forecast" publication.

Nine Star Ki Annual Forecast - A SAMPLE OF OUR NEW 9 KI PUBLICATIONS.




Free Nine Star Ki software from Sonia Hirsch's site at Correcotia.com

The software is written in the Portuguese language but it's easy to use and interesting. We have not tested this on 64-bit platforms.

For more information just click here!


Free Nine Star Ki Excel Calculator developed and contribited by Noel Tan.

This Excel file coordinates the adult (annual birth) number with the annual ki, and coordinates the childhood (monthly birth) number with the monthly ki.

Slide the scrollbar to your birth month and year.
Determine your year and month star ki in the right column.
Select (lock-in) your year and month star ki in the middle column.
Non gray colored square shows which house your year star ki is in.
Gray circle shows which house your month star ki is in.

DOES NOT WORK CORRECTLY ON ALL PLATFORMS
BUT CONTAINS NO MALWARE OR SECURITY THREATS

Click here for the file.



Nine Star Ki Toolbox. Using math to make quick calculations.
Click here for details.



This macrobiotic webring is hosted by Cyber Macro.

This The Macrobiotic Ring site
is owned by The Blooming Grove Studio.

Prev| Skip It| Next 5| Random| List | Next

Want to join the ring? Click here.
Next page


Concerning the Macrobiotic and Feng Shui links. I have fun surfing for new sites to add to our network, but I don't have much time! This is YOUR SITE and I really hope that you will send in information, when you see a promising link. Also, don't hesitate to make me aware of your own talents. If you can provide a macrobiotic, Feng Shui, 9 Ki or other related service, I want to link to you*. And remember, we will gladly list regular postal addresses and phone numbers.

*After Nov. 1, 1999: For Feng Shui & 9 Star Ki links only. We will now ask that you provide a return link to this web site. Also, if your macrobiotic site has a "links" page, we anticipate the favor of a return link. Thanks!



This site developed and maintained on low EMF equipment.



If you have any questions or comments about this web-site, your e-mail is welcome!

For your free personal assessment & forecast, you can click here!



The servers for this site are
powered by Wind Energy

© The Blooming Grove Studio® May, 2016

A 'No Cookies' Website

Privacy Policy


Blooming Grove Table of Contents